According to Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, the plan is to rely less on imported oil and improving security for U.S. forces who transport fuel into battle spaces.
The plan consists of a three-part strategy to reduce demand, adding options beyond fossil fuels and building energy security considerations into all military planning.
A defense operational energy board will oversee the department’s progress.
Military and DoD agencies will report to the board on energy consumption last year and future consumption over the next five years.
The board will work with the services and agencies on actions needed to improve their consumption baselines.
The Army plans to have 16 installations that do not use more energy or water than they produce and reduce waste by recycling under the NetZero initiative.
The Navy plans to reduce fuel consumption afloat by 15 percent by 2020 and the Air Force is aiming to increase aviation energy efficiency by 10 percent by 2020.
The Marine Corps is aiming to increase energy efficiency on the battlefield by 50 percent by 2025, and reduce daily fuel consumption per Marine by 50 percent at the same time.
Sharon Burke, assistant secretary for operational energy plans and programs, said the Navy is incorporating energy conservation into its acquisitions process.
Burke added that the Army is using generators at its forward operating bases that are 20 percent more efficient.
The Pentagon and the Environmental Protection Agency formed a partnership in February to develop more sustainable bases.
Scientists and engineers from both agencies are collaborating to develop energy saving technologies.