The system, developed in part by BAE Systems and NCR Government Systems, is already being fielded at Dulles International Airport.
TSA will start to test the system at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston on Tuesday and in San Juan, Puerto Rico April 23.
The machines are designed to recognize sources of identification such as driver’s licenses, passports and sources of tribal identification.
The agency hopes the system will more efficiently detect fraudulent documents.
The system allows flight passengers to scan their boarding passes themselves at a TSA check-in desk while a TSA agent scans their source of identification, which is then checked through the system and authenticated with the boarding pass.
If the system detects a discrepancy in the passenger’s identity or boarding pass, the TSA agent will ask the passenger additional questions and examine documents more closely.
Passengers who are caught with a fraudulent boarding pass or source of identification will be referred to law enforcement officials.
Greg Soule, a TSA spokesman, told the Federal Times the machine does not store personal information about passengers.