The Environmental Protection Agency has awarded $2 million to 25 companies for research and development initiatives, the agency announced Tuesday.
Awardees submitted research proposals for monitoring and treating water, building green, reducing greenhouse gases and air pollution monitoring, among other areas.
EPA said this is the first phase of the Small Business Innovation Research program annual competitions.
During the second phase, companies can receive funding to commercialize the technologies they develop.
First phase awards to selected firms can reach $80,000 each and second phase awards can total $300,000 each.
Awardees of first phase funding will also compete in the second phase, the EPA said.
The EPA SBIR awarded research grants to 11 small businesses in 2010.