Countries should develop their policy frameworks to respond to destructive or disruptive cyber attacks from state-sponsored actors, Tobias Feakin of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute wrote in an article published by the U.S.-based Council on Foreign Relations.
Feakin, a senior analyst and director at ASPI’s International Cyber Policy Centre, recommended that policymakers collaborate with industry to identify strategies for managing a security breach on critical infrastructure operations.
“In determining the appropriate response to a state-sponsored cyber incident, policymakers will need to consider… the intelligence community’s confidence in its attribution of responsibility, the impact of the incident and the levers of national power at a state’s disposal,” he added.
He urged governments to plan response options and examine how the strategies will affect society, economy and national interests.
Policymakers should also look at potential diplomatic, military and economic responses depending on the severity of a security incident, according to Feakin.
He believes that it will be easier for countries to establish international coalitions to punish an attacker and limit the risk of threat escalation if they respond proportionally.