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GAO Develops Four Categories for Long-Range National Security Threats

The Government Accountability Office has issued a report that divides into four categories 26 long-range threats to U.S. national security identified by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the departments of Defense, Homeland Security and State.

Those categories are dual-use technologies; weapons; events and demographic changes; and political and military advancements of adversaries, GAO said Thursday.

GAO listed the global expansion of Russia and China, military developments in North Korea and Iran, terrorism and information operations as some of the emerging threats under the adversaries’ military and political advancement category.

For the dual-use tech category, the congressional watchdog considered artificial intelligence, internet of things, quantum information system and unmanned systems as threats.

The events and demographic change category includes infectious diseases, climate change and international and international migration, while the weapons category covers hypersonics, cyber weapons, electronic warfare, missiles and weapons of mass destruction.

The report is based on GAO’s content analysis of questionnaire responses from 45 government organizations and assessment of documents and national security strategies provided by the four federal agencies.

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